RULES & DEFINITIONS

bluegreen.

.

.

.

Rules

Here we go again…as I said in the past, I play the game of golf by all the rules and expect everyone else to. But using viewers at home to be the official referee’s in our game is just wrong. What happened to the rules committee at a tournament, the announcers who are experts in their own right and what about the player themselves. Padraig Harrington went to mark his ball in Abu Dhabi and to his eye’s it looked like the ball move slightly off the mark and returned to it’s spot. When you watch it on a large screen HD TV it’s obvious the ball moved an 1/8″ +/-. Maybe we should have a camera on every ball on every shot! I think technology is going to kill this wonderful ancient game we play. I’m okay with the rules…just not okay with technology stepping into the game. What is every ball that was every deemed to have moved and come back to it’s original spot can be proven that 90% of them do not come back to their original spot…let’s say they move a couple of thousands of an inch. Something the human eye can not pick up, but is obvious when the ball is enlarged the size of the screen.

If a fan notices an extra player on the field in tomorrows football game, does the NFL give them access to send a text message in to call a penalty…when a fan sees the runner was safe on first base can they call in an override the call. Golf has always be a game of honor…a player calls a penalty against themselves. Let’s keep it that way.



The USGA

The R&A

Golf Terms

Acceptable Score A score made over an 18 hole round which is used to calculate or adjust a players handicap.
Ace A hole in one.
Action Backspin on ball.
Active Season The golfing season in which a player’s scores can be used to adjust their handicap.
Address When a golfer takes his stance and lined up the club to make a stroke.
Adjusted Gross Score Competition scratch used to recalculate handicap. AGS is based on scores recorded by all players in the competition.
Advice Instruction on how a ball should be played. Only partners and caddies may be consulted without penalty.
Air Shot Missing the ball during a swing.
Albatross Three strokes under par for a given hole.
Amateur Opposite of professional, one who does not receive monetary remuneration from the game.
Approach Hitting the ball at the green.
Apron The short fringe surrounding the green which isolates it from the fairway.
Attend the flag To hold and remove the flagstick from the hole as an opponent putts.
Authorised One that is recognised by the R&A.
Away The away ball is that which is furthest from the hole when more than one golfer is playing. It usually is played first.
Back Door When a ball is holed by going around the lip of the cup and dropping in from the back end.
Back Nine The last nine holes of an 18 hole course.
Back Side The last 8 holes of an 18 hole course.
Backspin Reverse spin applied to the ball and prevents it from bouncing forward after landing; same as Bite.
Backswing When the golfer takes the club away from the addressed ball, continues until the club is moved back towards to ball.
Baffy Another name for a 4 wood.
Ball Golf Balls, go to A History of the Golf Ball.
Ball in Play The ball is on play once the player starts his downswing on the teeing area. It continues to be so until holed out, lost, out of bounds or lifted.
Ball Mark The mark left by the ball when it pitches on the fairway or green.
Ball Marker Any small object used to mark a ball’s position on the green prior to it being picked up.
Ball Retriever An extendable device used to retrieve balls mainly from the water and other inaccessible areas.
Ball Roundness Gauge An instrument used to measure how spherical a ball is.
Ball Washer An instrument used to clean golf balls.
Banana Ball Slicing the ball such that it curves off to the side in a banana shaped trajectory.
Barkie When the ball hits any part of a tree and the golfer still completes the hole with a par.
Beach A sand bunker.
Bermuda Species of coarse grass used in hot climates.
Best Ball A competition where two or more players form a team. The best net score per team on each hole is recorded on the scorecard.
Best Shot A team competition where each member of the team plays a shot, the best placed ball is then chosen and all other players of the same team play their next shot from that position.
Birdie One under par for the hole.
Bite Reverse spin applied to the ball and prevents it from bouncing forward after landing; same as Backspin.
Blade When the upper part of the ball is struck by the edge of the club face causing it to hug the ground in flight.
Blade Shot To strike the ball above it’s centre causing it to skip and bounce along the ground rather than rise through the air.
Blast The material carried with the ball when it is hit out of a sand bunker.
Blind Hole When the golfer cannot see the green when having to play an approach shot.
Block Shot When a player strikes the ball late in their swing (usually caused by turning to quickly during the swing). The ball travels outside of the target.
Bogey One over par for the hole.
Bogey Golfer A player who has a handicap is the about the same as the number holes on a course (18 to 22).
Brassie Another name for a 2 wood.
Break The path a putt must follow over a contour in the green in order to go in the hole.
Buggy Powered cart used to transport golfer and equipment around the course.
Bunker A hazard filled by sand or grass that is placed where a fairway shot may end (by a green or driving distance from the tee). You are not allowed to practice swing or ground your club in a bunker.
Caddie A person who carries a players clubs. Assists a player on deciding distances and club selection. Helps player when deciding on the line of a putt.
Carry The distance that the ball travels in the air after being struck.
Cart Powered buggy used to transport golfer and equipment around the course.
Cart Fee Buggy hire fee changed for use on the course.
Cart Path Designated carriageways for carts.
Casual Water Water on the course that is not a water hazard (such puddles after rain). Relief maybe taken when in casual water or if having to play over when on the green.
Championship Tournaments regulated by a golfing authority recognised by the R&A.
Cavity Backed Design of irons with hollowed out back which assists Perimiter Weighting and thus good for beginners.
Chili Dip When the top of the ball is struck by the bottom of the club, causing it to jump straight up and plonk back down.
Chip Hitting the ball into the air with enough flight to land on the green and roll across the green towards the hole.
Chip and Run A shot played like a chip over a greater distance.
Chip Shot A chip with the application of some spin.
Chipping Iron An iron used to chip the ball onto the green.
Choke When a golfer looses his nerve and therefore plays an important or hard shot badly.
Chunk When the club strikes the ground well behind the ball.
Cleek Another name for a 2 iron.
Closed Face Turning the club face slightly inward in order to hook the ball or prevent a slice.
Closed Stance Leading foot is nearer to the ball at address. Position normally adopted in order to hook the ball or prevent a slice.
Club Used as a shorten name for a golf course or the equipment used to strike a ball. Golf Club, refer to the Rules for full specifications and restrictions.
Club Face That part of the club head which comes into direct contact with the ball.
Club Head The end of the club that includes the club face.
Club Loft The angle of the club face – affects the flight and distance of the ball when struck.
Clubhouse A golf club’s administration, recreational and facilities building.
Collar The edge around a green or bunker.
Committee Elected management of a golf club.
Competition Scratch Score The number shots used to recalculate handicap after a competition. The range is one below or three above the Standard Scratch. The CSS is calculated by using all the scores recorded in the competition.
Compression The softness (Usually 90 compression) of a golf ball. Harder balls (100 compression) are normally used in windy conditions.
Consecutive Nine-Hole Scores To combine the score of two nine holes rounds played consecutively within seven days to arrive at a score suitable for handicap adjustment.
Course A golf course, made up of usually 9 or 18 holes, please refer to the rules for full definition and restrictions.
Course Handicap A handicap awarded a player based the courses SSS or CSS when playing in a competition.
Course Handicap Conversion Chart The stroke index of each hole on the course.
Course Handicap Table The CSS used to recalculate your handicap.
Course Rating Used by organisations to rate the degree of difficulty of a course.
Cup The hole in the green into which the ball is eventually putted.
Cut When a tournament’s field is reduced after each qualifying round. Striking the ball causing it to move from inside to out of your stance.
Cut Shot To put a backspin onto the ball when striking it onto the green causing to stop quicker on impact.
Deuce To hole out in two strokes.
Dimple The indentations on the surface of a golf ball which affects it’s flight characteristics.
Divot A piece of turf lifted when ball is struck – typically on fairway, played to create backspin.
Divot Fixer Instrument to repair ball pitch marks made on the green where the ball landed.
Dogleg A hole where the fairway hooks to the left or right thus obscuring the green from the tee.
Dormie Term given to describe the situation when a team cannot lose a match against the competition as the number holes remaining is the same as the current lead.
Double Bogey Two shots over the hole par.
Double D When a driver is used on the fairway after being used for the tee shot.
Double Eagle Three shots under the hole par; also known as albatross.
Down Number of stokes or holes you are behind your opponent.
Downhill Lie When the ball rests on a hill that goes down towards where you intend to strike the ball.
Downswing The down-stroke part of a golfer’s swing.
Draw To induce topspin onto the ball causing in to move from outside to in on your swing. Opposite is Fade.
Drive A shot from the tee area.
Driver A 1-Wood Club normally used for the Tee shot.
Driving Iron A 1 or 2 iron which gives distance rather than height.
Driving Range An area set aside for practice.
Drop Bringing the ball back into play after striking the last shot out of bounds or into a water hazard etc. The ball is released from an outstretched arm held at shoulder height.
Duck Hook To induce to much topspin onto the ball causing in to move from outside to in on your swing. Normally caused by turning your body to quickly through your swing.
Dunk When a ball lands in a water hazard.
Eagle To score two under par for a hole.
Equitable Stroke Control Method Stroke index of a hole on a course. Used in Stableford and match play competitions.
Etiquette A set of guidelines to promote proper behaviour on the course.
Exact Handicap A players handicap measured to the nearest 10th.
Executive Course A golf course with mainly par 3 and comparatively short par 4 holes.
Explode The material carried with the ball when it is hit out of a sand bunker.
Face That part of the club head which comes into direct contact with the ball.
Fade To induce backspin onto the ball causing it to travel through the air following inside to out swing. Opposite is Draw.
Fairway The playing area between the tee and the green, does not include hazards.
Fairway Hit Landing and stopping the ball on the fairway from the tee on holes greater than par 3.
Fat Shot When the club strikes the ground well behind the ball.
Featherie Early golf balls with a core of compressed feathers inside a leather outer.
Field The players in a tournament.
Flag Events A player carries their flag until their net score has fallen behind the course using the hole stroke indexes.
Flagstick The pole in the centre of the green with a flag attached.
Flange The base of a club, the part that rests on the ground.
Flex The degree that a club’s shaft bends upon impact with the ball.
Flex Point That part of a club’s shaft which bends the most.
Flier When a ball travels further than expected when using a given club, sometimes happens when playing from the rough or off a slope.
Flight A ball is in flight when travelling through the air.
Follow-Through That part of a golfer’s swing after the ball has been struck.
Fore To cry “Fore” is to warn other players that your ball may hit them.
Forecaddie One who directs golfers to their balls during competition.
Forged A club where the head is made from one piece of light alloy/metal. A forged club gives a golfer more feeling when striking the ball.
Four Ball Where two pairs of golfers play in matchplay against each other.
Foursome A group of four golfers playing only two balls. A pair of the players form a team and player alternate shots.The match can be scored as match play, stroke play or as a stapleford.
Fried Egg When a ball remains in its own pitch mark when landing in a bunker.
Fringe The short fringe surrounding the green which isolates it from the fairway.
Frog Hair The short fringe surrounding the green which isolates it from the fairway.
Front Nine The first nine holes of an 18 hole course.
Gallery Spectators at a tournament or match.
Get Down To putt the ball into the hole.
Get Legs A term used by golfers to encourge the ball to roll when they suspect it may stop short.
GHIN Golf Handicap Information Network.
Gimmie When an opponent decides that it is not necessary to play the next shot, normally because you are close to the hole.
Go to School To study the travel of a previous putt to ‘read’ the green.
Golf Association An organisation recognised by the R&A that runs events and promotes golf within a region.
Gorilla Someone who hits their tee shot a long way.
Grain The angle at which the grass on the green lies. Playing against it or with it affects the speed of the ball when putting.
Graphite Carbon based material used to make shafts and clubheads.
Grasscutter A shot which travels low and fast just skimming the grass.
Green The area of short grass surrounding the hole where the ball is hit using a putter.
Green Fee The charge levied to play the course.
Green in Regulation The number of shots you are expected to play before getting your ball onto the green. Always two shots less than the par of the hole.
Green Jacket The mantle of honour given to the winner of the US Masters.
Greenie The getting of a par or better at a hole when the ball is got onto the green in regulation.
Grip The part of the club which the golfer holds, typically made from leather, cord, rubber or a mixture of the three.
Groove The indentations cut into the club face which cause the ball to spin. The description given to a good repeated swing.
Gross score Your score over 18 holes before you reduce it by taking your handicap away.
Ground Under Repair Areas of the course under repair. Balls may be removed from them without penalty.
Grounding the Club To place the club on the ground prior to striking the ball when addressing it.
Gutta Percha Rubbery material used to make golf balls after 1848.
Guttie A golf ball made of gutta percha which rendered Featheries obsolete.
Hack or Hacker A poor golfer.
Halve A Hole In match play, refers to a draw when both opponents take the same number of shots to complete the hole.
Halve A Match In match play, refers to a draw when both opponents have won the same number holes in the round.
Handicap The number of strokes a player is given to adjust his score to that of standard scratch. It allows golfers of different abilities to compete on equal terms.
Handicap Allowance Your adjusted handicap depending on the type of competition you have entered.
Handicap Player A golfer who has a recognised handicap awarded by a Golf Club.
Handicap System A method of adjusting golfers’ scores to a baseline such that they can compete on equal terms.
Handicap-Stroke Hole A hole where in match play an opponent receives a shot. It is determined by the stroke index of the hole.
Hanging lie When the ball is resting on the upside of a slope.
Haskel First incarnation of the modern golf balls with rubber straps wound around core encased in gutta percha – rendered Gutties obsolete
Hazard Permanent features on the golf course designed to obstruct play.
Hcp Handicap
Head The end of the club that includes the club face.
Heel Where the club head is attached to the shaft.
Hit a Brick To strike the ball on the green such that it does not roll past the cup.
Hit a House see Hit a Brick
Hogans A game where you have to achieve par by hitting the green in regulation, par the hole, having never hit the fairway.
Hole High Means that the ball has landed on the green level with the hole as you are looking at it.
Hole In One The ball goes straight into the hole from your tee shot.
Hole Out To putt the ball into the hole.
Holed A ball which is putted into the hole.
Home Getting the ball onto the green.
Home Pro Resident professional at golf club.
Honour The honour goes to last player to win a hole or take the least number of shots. The player with the honour tees off first.
Hooded Club Turning the club face slightly inward in order to hook the ball or prevent a slice.
Hook To induce topspin onto the ball causing in to move from outside to in on your swing. Opposite is slice.
Hustler One who maintains an artifically high handicap in order to win bets.
Impact When the club strikes the ball.
In The last nine holes of an 18 hole course.
In play When the ball is within the playing area of the course.
Inactive Season That part of the golfing calendar where a player cannot use his scores to adjust his handicap.
Interlocking Grip To hold the club such that the little finger of one hands is wrapped around the fore-finger of the other.
Investment Cast To cast metal club heads from wax moulds.
Inward Half The last nine holes of an 18 hole course.
Iron A metal headed club that is not a wood.
Kitty Litter Colloquialism for sand bunker.
Knockdown Shot A shot played low into the wind.
Lag When a golfer attempts to putt the ball near to the hole not caring whether it goes in or not.
Lateral Water Hazard A water hazard which runs parallel to the fairway.
Layout The design of the course.
Lie The position of the ball at rest.
Line The intended trajectory of the golf ball.
Line of Play The intended travel of the ball after it has been struck.
Line of Putt The intended travel of the ball after it has been struck on the green.
Links Golf course within 4 miles of the coast.
Lip The edge of the hole.
Lob Shot A shot where the flies to maximum height and minimal distance, normally used to hit the ball from close range when trying to avoid an obstacle.
Local Rules Additional rules pertaining to a given course.
Loft The angle of the clubface in relation to the ground which dictates the trajectory of the ball as it rises in the air. 0 degrees loft is perpendicular to the ground.
Long Game That part of a golfer’s game which involves hitting the ball over 180 yards.
Loose Impediments Natural objects on the course which are not fixed into place such as stones.
Lost Ball Any ball which cannot be located once struck.
LPGA Ladies Professional Golfer’s Association.
Majors The most significant golf championships. In the men’s game these are:- The Masters, the U.S. Open, the British Open, and the PGA Championship. – see major championships in almanac.
Make the cut To qualify for subsequent rounds in a tournament.
Mallet A putter shaped like a mallet.
Marker The person responsible for recording the score of a player (normally another player) – see Tee Marker.
Marshall One who controls the crowd during tournaments.
Mashie Old fashioned hickory shafted iron varieties of which were similar to today’s 5,6 and 7 irons.
Match A medal round or game of golf between opponents.
Match Play Form of competition where each hole is won, lost or halved. The winner is whoever won the most holes. A winning score of 3 and 2 means that the winner won by 3 holes with 2 left to play. The highest score possible is 10 and 8.
Medal A score play competition where all shots are recorded and the winner is the one who took the least number.
Medal Day A calendar day during which you are entitled to play a medal round in a competition.
Medal Play A score play competition where all shots are recorded and the winner is the one who took the least number.
Medalist One who has the lowest tournament qualifying score.
Middle Wedge A medal iron with loft between that of a pitching wedge and a sand wedge.
Mid-iron Another name for a 2 iron.
Mixed foursome Two teams of a male and female golfer playing alternate shots.
Mulligan When a player is allowed to reply any one shot pre hole.
Municipal Course Golf course owned by local government and open to the public.
Narrow Fairway A Fairway (the cut grass area between tee and green) that is only a few yards across.
Net Score A player’s score after handicap deductions.
Niblick Another name for a 9 iron.
Nineteenth Hole The clubhouse bar after playing 18 holes.
Non-Selective Perimeter Weighting Equal weight over the toe and heel of the club head.
OB Acronym for Out of Bounds.
Observer One who ensures that a golf match or round is played in accordance with the Rules of Golf.
Obstructions Anything which is man-made that obstructs play.
Offset The gap between the club shaft and the club face when held at address, looking from above.
On the Dance Floor When the ball has stayed on the green.
Open A tournament open to both amateurs and professionals.
Open Stance At address the golfer stands with their front foot further from the ball line than their back foot. An open stance is used by a player when they want to fade or slice the ball.
Out First nine holes on an eighteen hole golf course.
Out of Bounds The area on or adjacent to the course where the ball may not be played from. Normally marked by white posts.
Outside Agency Any object or person that is not part of the current golf match, such as a spectator or observer.
Outward Half The first 9 holes of an 18 hole course.
Over Clubbing To use a club which gives more distance than intended.
Over Par A score higher than the indicated par for a hole or round.
Overlapping Grip To hold the club such that the little finger of one hands is wrapped around the fore-finger of the other.
Pairings Two player groups.
Par The number of shots a low handicapper should take for a hole or round. The hole par is measured by the number of shots needed to reach the green plus two for the putting. The round par is calculated by adding all the hole par’s together.
Partner Players on the same side in the same group or match.
Penalty Stroke A stroke added to a player’s score due to a rule infringement, taking relief from a hazard or an unplayable lie.
Perimeter Weighting The weight of the club head is centred in the middle, thus increasing the sweet spot (an area of the club that when hit gives you the most distance).
Persimmon Wood imported from the USA to make club heads for drivers.
PGA Professional Golfers Association.
Pin The pole in the centre of the green with a flag attached.
Pin High Means that the ball has landed on the green level with the hole as you are looking at it.
Pitch To the ball is hit high into the air onto the green using a lofted club.
Pitch and Run To pitch the ball onto the green using a club which enables the ball to roll on impact.
Pitch Mark The indentation left by a ball on the green after it has landed.
Pitching Wedge An iron with a club face angel of 48 to 50 degrees. Used to hit a high shot.
Pivot The rotation of the body during a swing.
Playclub Old fashioned club used for driving similar to today’s woods.
Playing Handicap The handicap used in a competition.
Playing Through To allow golfers in the game behind play passed you while you stand to one side.
Plugged Ball A ball that when it lands remains in it’s own pitch mark.
Plumb Bob Holding the putter in a vertical position and using it as a sight to determine the Line of Putt.
Plus Handicap The number of shots added to a golfers score at the end of their round.
Pop up A high shot over a very short distance.
Pot bunker A small yet deep sand bunker.
Preferred Lie Play in which a golfer may move his ball to the nearest point of relief not nearer the hole. When playing under winter rules, a player may replace their ball on the fairway within 6 inches of where it came to rest, not nearer the hole.
Press Increasing an already agreed bet on the result of a match once it has started.
Pro Shop Shop at golf club where golfing equipment may be purchased.
Pro-Am A tournament where a professional is partnered by an amateur.
Professional One who receives monetary remuneration for playing golf.
Provisional Ball The playing of a second ball from the same place as the first because the player is unsure of what may have happened to the first ball (i.e. it may be lost).
Pull When the ball flies in an inward direction after being stuck. Not the same as draw/hook as these are shots affected by spin.
Pull Cart A two wheeled device used to aid the carrying of a golf bag around the course.
Punch Shot Where the ball is struck on the down-stroke of a partial swing resulting in a short low shot; typically used to hit the ball out of rough or to keep the ball below the wind.
Push When the ball flies in an outward direction after being stuck. Not the same as fade/slice as these are shots affected by spin.
Putt Act of hitting golf ball on the green.
Putter Club mainly used on green for striking the ball.
Putting Green The area of short grass surrounding the hole way the ball is hit using a putter.
Qualifying School The process of qualifying for PGA membership.
Quarter Shot A shot hit with a significantly reduced swing.
Quitting on the ball Slowing your swing down before hitting the ball.
R & A The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews who oversee golf in Europe, Asia and the Commonwealth
Range An area set aside for practice.
Ranger A course official who ensures prompt play on a golf course.
Rating Marker A sign next to the tee which indicates the point from which the holes yardage is measured.
Reading the Green The act of determining the preferred path the ball must take in order to go in the hole.
Recovery Shot To bring the ball back into a favourable playing position from an unfavourable one such as a hazard.
Referee An official who interprets the Rules of Golf during a match or competition.
Regular shaft A golf club shaft with an average amount of torque.
Release To hit the ball such that it rolls on impact with the green. Also refers to movement of golfer’s hands during a swing.
Relief To lift and drop the ball without penalty in accordance with the rules.
Reverse Overlap Gripping the club with the little finger of one hand placed over the index finger of the other.
Rimmed A shot which circles the lip of the hole without dropping in.
Rough The high grass area adjacent to the fairway and green.
Round 18 holes of golf.
Round robin A tournament in which everyone gets to play everyone else.
Royal and Ancient Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews – golf’s primary governing body.
Rub of the Green An unexpected bounce of the ball after it hits the ground. Sometimes helpful, normally not.
Rule Official R&A rule or local rule.
Rules of Golf As published by the R&A.
Run The distance that the ball continues to travel after it’s initial impact with the ground.
Running iron An iron used to make short shots which roll.
Run-up To hit the ball along or close to the ground toward and onto the green.
Sand Trap A sand bunker.
Sand Wedge An iron club designed to lift balls out of sand hazards.
Sandy When a golfer still makes their par after escaping from a sand hazard.
Sclaff When the club strikes the ground well behind the ball.
Scoop To scoop the ball into the air rather than loft it.
Scorecard The card on which a golfer records his score during play.
Scotch foursome Where players play in teams of two taking alternate shots. Each hole is started alternatively as well.
Scramble Team competition where players play from the position of the best ball of a team member after every stroke or drive.
Scratch A player without handicap meaning that he can complete the course on par.
Scratch Player A golfer who does not require a handicap, such as a professional.
Second Ball Situation in which a player is obliged to play with two balls because of a question over the legality of the first ball which cannot be settled by a referee or other members of the group. The player’s score is that for whichever ball is deemed legal at a post match adjudication.
Selective Perimeter Weighting Equal weight over the toe and heel of the club head.
Semi-Private Course A club with members but also allows non-members to pay and play.
Set The number of golf clubs carried (maximum is 14).
Shaft That part of the club between the head and the grip.
Shag Bag A bag used to store balls whilst practising.
Shagging To collect balls from a practice area.
Shank To strike the ball with the part of the club head where the heel is joined to the shaft.
Short Game Chipping, Pitching and Putting.
Shot An attempt to hit the ball.
Shotgun Start Tournament in which the field start from different holes at the same time rather than queuing up at the first tee.
Sidehill lie When the ball comes to rest on a slope.
Single An unaccompanied golfer.
Sink a putt To hit the ball into the hole.
Sit Expression aimed at the ball to encourage it to stop rolling.
Sit Down A term which the golfer says to the ball to encourage it to land or stop rolling.
Skull Hitting the ball above it’s centre, thus making it fly very low to the ground.
Sky When the club head only just strikes the very bottom of the ball causing it to fly straight up into the area. Normally happens when the ball is on a tee or in the rough.
Slice To induce too much backspin onto the ball causing it to travel through the air following inside to out swing. Opposite is Hook.
Smile Colloquialism for a lacerated golf ball; a cut in the ball is normally caused by a thinned shot.
Snake A long putt which travels over the undulations of the green.
Snap Hook To severely hook the ball.
Snipe To hook the ball such that it drops quickly.
Sole The underside of the club head.
Sole plate The metal underside of a wood’s club head.
Speed of Play The time it takes to play an 18 hole ground.
Spike Mark A tuft of grass caused by spiked shoes.
Spike Wrench Instrument used to remove spikes from golf shoes.
Spoon Another name for a 3 wood.
Square stance When your left and right feet are level and at right angles to the ball when you take your stance.
Stableford Point scoring competition. One point for a bogey, two points for a par, three for a birdie, four for an eagle and five for an albatross.
Stance To place your feet in preparation for a swing .
Standard Scratch Score The score a scratch golfer should get when playing a course in normal conditions.
Starter An official who determines where and when golfers tee off.
Stick The pole in the centre of the green with a flag attached.
StimpMeter An instrument used to measure the speed of a green by applying a known force to the ball and measuring the distance travelled.
Stipulated Round To play the number of holes of the course determined by the committee during competition.
Stony When a ball comes to rest near the flagstick.
Straight Flight A ball travelling in a straight line during flight.
Stroke An attempt to hit the ball. The stroke starts on a players downswing.
Stroke Counters Gadget to keep track of strokes.
Stroke Hole A hole where in match play an opponent receives a shot. It is determined by the stroke index of the hole.
Stroke Index An assessment of a holes difficulty used to award shots during strokeplay / matchplay conditions.
Stroke Play Where the winner of a match or competition is the player who used the least number of strokes (after handicap deduction) to complete the course.
Stymie When an object such as a tree lies between a player’s ball and the green.
Sudden Death Where additional holes are played after a tie. The winner is the first player to win a hole outright.
Summer Rules The normal local rules of the course apply (i.e. allowances made for the winter weather are removed).
Surlyn Tear resistant plastic outer of modern golf balls (by DuPont Corp).
Swale A depression in the terrain.
Sweet Spot The preferred spot on the club face with which to strike the ball.
Swing The action of hitting the ball.
Swing weight A measure of a club’s weight.
Takeaway When the clubhead is moved back from the ball at the start of a swing.
Tee A small peg stuck into the ground on which a golf ball is placed. Also area where golfers play first stroke of any given hole.
Tee Marker Boundary on the tee behind which a drive must be made. The ball must be placed onto the tee within two club lengths of the tee marker.
Tee Time Scheduled start time.
Teeing ground Area from which players start each hole.
Tempo The speed of a golfer’s swing.
Temporary green A green used when the normal green is under repair or when the club wish to preserve the permanent green.
Tending the Flag To hold the flagstick such that a player may aim for it and then remove it as the balls approaches.
Texas wedge Name given to putter when used anywhere other than the green.
Thin Shot To strike the ball above it’s centre causing it to skip and bounce along the ground rather than rise through the air.
Thread To coax the ball through a tight gap.
Three ball A group of three golfers playing their own ball.
Three Jack To three putt a green.
Threesome A group of three golfers.
Through the Green Any part of the course which is not ‘out of bounds’ except the tees, greens and hazards.
Tiger tee The tees used in a pro competition.
Tight fairway A Fairway (the cut grass area between tee and green) that is only a few yards across.
Tip Instruction on how a ball should be played. Only partners and caddies may be consulted without penalty.
Toe That part of the club head at the opposite end to the heel.
Top To strike the ball above it’s centre causing it to skip and bounce along the ground rather than rise through the air.
Torque How far a shaft twists during a swing.
Tour A series of tournaments over a season.
Tournament An organised competition for both amateurs and professionals.
Tournament Score Your gross score for each round added together.
Track iron Old fashioned club with metal head used to lift balls from tracks and carriageways.
Trap Sand or grass hazard.
Trolley A two wheeled device used to aid the carrying of a golf bag around the course.
Trouble shot Having to play a ball that is in deep rough, behind on object (such as a bush or tree) or from a bad lie.
Turn The midway point on a golf course, the end of the 9th hole.
Two Piece Ball A ball made from a core of rubber, metal or other wrapped in strands of rubber encased in a surlyn or balata shell.
Twosome A group of two golfers.
Waggle The movement of the club head as the golfer prepares to swing.
Water Hazard Ponds, lakes, rivers or ditches on the course, always marked by yellow or blue posts.
Water hole A hole where the approach necessitates hitting the ball over a water hazard.
Wedge A metal club designed to give loft rather than distance. Used for high shots into the green.
Whiff Missing the ball during a swing.
Whins Heavy Rough.
Whipping The straps used to re-inforce the join between the club head and shaft.
Whippy A shaft with greater than normal flex.
Winter Green A temporary green used in winter to protect the permanent green.
Winter Rules Local rules which apply during the winter season only.
Wood Clubs used for long range shots. Traditionally made with wooden head they are now mostly made with metal alloy heads.
Woodie When the ball hits any part of a tree and the golfer still completes the hole with a par.
Worm Burner A shot which rolls along the ground.
Wrong Ball Any ball which a golfer plays that is not the ball they began the hole with or which was brought into play after losing their original.
Yardage Chart A printed card detailing the layout and yardage of each hole on the course.
Yardage Rating The stroke index of the hole, Index 18 being the easiest on the course, 1 the most difficult.
Yips To miss simple putts because of nerves.

A list of golfing terms


Leave a Reply